10 ശാസ്ത്രീയനാമം- Barleria lupulina Plant Morphology : Foliage: Dark green, hairless leaves (3 - 9.5 cm long, 0.9 - 1.4 cm wide) are linear-oblong (elongated with parallel sides). They have a red midrib and 0.6 cm long petiole (leaf stalk). Stems: Hairless, highly branched stems are 4-sided and spiny. Spines occur in pairs of up to 3 sets in the leaf axils (the space between the upper surface of the leaf and the stem). Flowers: Yellow, tubular flowers (3 cm long) are arranged in spike inflorescences up to 9 cm long. The stamens (male, pollen-bearing part) are longer than the floral tube and extend past the opening. Fruits: Dry, dehiscent fruit is known as a capsule. Ethnobotanical Uses : Medicinal (Barleria lupulina is a popular medicinal plant in India. In folk medicine, the leaves are used to reduce inflammation caused by insect bites, snake bites, boils, and rheumatism.)Ref( https://florafaunaweb.nparks.gov.sg)
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