The rhizomes of Curcuma Caesia Roxb. (Zingiberaceae) are used in treatment of various ailments and metabolic disorders like leukoderma, asthma, tumours, piles, bronchitis, etc. in Indian system of medicine. Cell Mutations results from the side effects of free radicals such as hydrogen peroxides, superoxide anions, organo peroxides, etc. produced by drugs, ultraviolet radiations, ionizing radiations, pollutions etc.
Therefore, the increased levels of antioxidant present in plants are believed to combat the effect of free radicals/mutagens reducing the action of initiation or progression stages of cancer and any other degenerative diseases. The rhizomes are rich source of secondary metabolites such as phenolics, carotenoids, curcumins etc. that plays a prominent role in repairing cell mutations